Lev Gumilev debuted in science brilliantly after graduating from the Leningrad University. He thought in a very innovative manner taking as basis historic and philosophic theories. Lev Gumilev formed his own perception of the world creating new doctrines rejected by everyone at his time. He was the father of ethnogenesis theory, under which nations originate from regularity of the society development, and the “passion” theory – the human ability to sacrifice for the sake of ideological purposes, as Gumilev stated. “Passion” is a hereditary biological ability of the man, and “passion-field” individuals are creators of history, for instance, Prophet Mohammed, Alexander the Macedonian, Napoleon and Vladimir Lenin.
To describe his ideas on the genesis and evolution of ethnoses, Gumilev introduced the concept of “passionarity”, which may be explained as the level of vital energy and power characteristic of any given ethnic group. Gumilev argued that they pass through stages of rise, development, climax, inertial, convolution, and memorial. It is during the “acmatic” phases, when the national passionarity reaches its maximum heat, that the great conquests are made. The current state of Europe he described as deep inertia, or “introduction to obscuration”, to use his own term. The passionarity of the Arabic world, on the other hand, is still high.
What was his vision of Russia and its place in the world?
Lev Gumilev is called now the Great Eurasian Man. Thanks to Gumilev we could sense that Russia is the world’s single “institution” linking Europe and Asia.Gumilev used to say that both Oriental culture and Western civilization came through Russia. Civilization and culture, he said, are not the same thing. Civilization is the use of the results of culture, whereas culture is a movement through hundreds of centuries and thousands of generations. On this score Gumilev’s researches have specific role for promoting the national science and spiritual environment of the Russian society.