1000 petals by axinia

the only truth I know is my own experience

The mysterious beauty of Lithuanian language August 30, 2007

 photo by axinia

Why mysterious? – Because almost nobody (except neighbours and experts) are aware of it. The language of a heart-shaped country… The place I was born and spent my childhood. Lithuania

What is so special about it?

  • Lithuanian (lietuvių kalba) is the closest among all European languages to the Sanskrit, or even Proto- Indo-European language. “Anyone wishing to hear how Indo-Europeans spoke should come and listen to a Lithuanian peasant.” – said a famous French linguist Antoine Meillet. Why exactly that folk out of all other European nations has preserved the ancient language roots?

  • When specialists in Indo-European linguistics try to reconstruct the Proto-Indo-European language they find that contemporary Lithuanian is as important as the ancient tongues such as Latin, Greek and Sanskrit.

  • Paul Thieme, 1958, has compared the Lithuanian proverb: Dievas davė dantis; Dievas duos ir duonos and its Latin translation Deus dedit dentes; Deus dabit et panem ‘God gave teeth, God will also give bread’ with what he (Thieme) calls an old form of Sanskrit: Devas adadā t datas; Devas dā t (or dadā t) api dhā nā s. (Actually according to the rules of Old Indic phonetics, several of the words occur in a slightly different form in a connected text in Sanskrit.)

Apart from that amazing closeness to Sanskrit roots, Lithuania has much more to offer: fine taste of beauty, cosiness and delicious pastry/cakes and much more… But nobody knows about it 😦

Want to be the first to explore? I bet you will loose your heart in that charming heart-shaped land!..

P.S. dedicated to Tomas

LOVE, axinia

 

77 Responses to “The mysterious beauty of Lithuanian language”

  1. sulz Says:

    i did a small class presentatian on baltic languages, and i learnt that latvian and lithuanian are the closest to the original proto-indo-european language. i thought that was interesting, because many languages have been transformed through time but latvian and lithuanian managed to stay close to their origins. 🙂

  2. axinia Says:

    True, it is really amazing how it was possible – that small countries had been always “under” the pressure of the powerful neighbours like Germany or Russia´, and still they managed to keep the origin…That is why I call it s mystery 🙂

  3. Austėja Says:

    I was surprized by so many great responses on this subject 🙂 You see I’m Lithuniain and while searching for information about Antoine Meillet I found this article about mysterious language. Thank you for great responses, you made my whole day :* Iki!

  4. Donatas Says:

    I’m lithuanian as well. Thanks God lithuania had lots of poor peasants who were wise people and taught their kids by them selves to read and to wright in lithuanian.
    Acctually not all the time Lithuania and Latvia was under the pressure of these to big nations. There were the time when Russia was under the pressure of Lithuanians, but russians doesn’t have such facts in their history books…
    In the 14th century Lithuania was the biggest empire in continental Europe;)

  5. axinia Says:

    HI, Donatas,
    I am very much aware of that historical fact about the supremacy of Lithuania in the 14th century, and I also like to tell people about when I have a chance…It is good ot know, indeed!
    But finally, great nations come, great nations go – nothing is stable in this world, apart from the true universal values…

  6. Hi Axinia,
    Happy New Year! I came across your blog and this article qute by accident,and I stopped, as Im a linguist, and this naturally held my attention:) It would have been nice, if you could have added any sentence as a sound byte, so we could hear the language in action..
    Rgds..

  7. seetharama m b Says:

    I am astounded to read the lithunanian proverb and to notice that it is almost Sanskrit. While I am neither a linguist nor a specialist in Sanskrit, I wish to state here that all Indian languages are almost as good as sanskrit as most of the words are taken from that ancient language. Therefore, I can easily perceive the similarity in the proverb mentioned.

    Recently I was reading something about ‘Atlantis’, the lost continent and that, the same is locarted in the sea of Azov. The articles also mentioned that the cradle of civilisation at that point of time was around the Black sea, Ukraine, Russia etc. Is there a relation between all these complex matters and the common words in various Indo European languages. I am almost certain that Europe and Asia, upto and including India are peopled by the same men, who perhaps migrated from the Black sea region. Black sea region in a larger sense includes the Baltics as well. I feel that the Lithuanian language remained in its prestine form due to a certain degree of isolation as compared to other parts of Europe.

    Thanks a lot and I would be glad to hear from you.

  8. European Says:

    I personally find similarities of Lithuanian language with Japanese and other Pacific languages…. Examples:

    JAPANESE / LITHUANIAN

    Mushi = Muse (bug, fly)
    Kajitte = kasti, kandzhioti (to bite)
    Ikimasho = eikime (go, to go)
    Aishiteru – ash tave myliu (I love you)
    Watashi = ash (I, myself)
    Anata = tu (you)
    Anohito = jis, anas kitas, ano (he, that person, the other person)
    Anokata = ji, anoji
    Te = ranka (hand)

    There are many more, but I forgot them. When I remember all I’ll post them on here.
    Pay attention to the Pacific languages how many similar sounding words are to Lithuanan even if they mean something else. For example: “tauta” (song, competition, fighting) in Hawaiian or Tongan? (but “nation” in Lithuanian) and “uta” (song) in Japanese while “daina” or “dainute” “dainuota” “dainuta” in Lithuanian. “Tolitoli” to pick carefully = in Lithuanian “far far away”. It’s all about tracing the slight change in words.

    Cheers

  9. axinia Says:

    European, thanks a lot for this intresting input!
    I see Lithuanian language is even more mysterious than I thought…Truly amazing!

  10. Arya Ganesh Says:

    Namaste (The Aryan Greeting) (It Means, I respect to worthy and kind)

    I don’t know very good English though would try to tell you some things that I got from Famous Swami Maharishi Dayananda Saraswati’s (famous reformer of enslaved India ) book SATYARTH PRAKASH
    (Light on the Meaning of Truth). Every one should have a read of his books & literature, which shows the presence of all sciences including mechanical, Chemical & Biological sciences in Indian Subcontinent Region

    Know him more on: http://www.aryasamajjamnagar.org/
    Satyarth prakash: http://www.aryasamajjamnagar.org/satyarth_prakash_eng.htm
    All books are free of cost no charge at all.

    I was linked to your article by my Lithuanian Friend.

    What are my findings from various of our Indigenous Historians (pity, who are always sidelined in India & we are taught what Historians from Outside have written to prove us the outsiders) summarized as the following:

    This Points back to thousands of years back as much I know around 150000 years when Europe was
    merely a dwell of hunters, as shown in Discovery channel (Kudos to them they at least show
    something true in the whole program, just because those things couldn’t be denied).
    Aryans originated from Tibet & descended to Himalaya & then spread over the rest of Indian
    Subcontinent, from there to Arabia , Europe (its old name was HARIVARSH), S. America (PATAAL
    LOK) etc. They were developed & had the powerful VED’s & three orders to administration according to VED
    1 The Dharma Sabha (The committee of Order, Law & rules)
    2 The Vidya Sabha (The committee of Knowledgeful teachers & researchers)
    3 The Raya Sabha (The committee which was directly involved to handle administration, headed by a King & many powerful thinkers)

    This all kept running until for last 6000-5000 years, but after the Great Battle of Kurukhetra, which fought by all rulers around the world ( including Americans, Chinese, Southeast Asia rulers, etc all the contemporary king ) in the presence of Great Aryan King The Krishna, the man of truth (He later became popular as GOD and later people manipulated many short stories on his life & his speech to Arjuna on the battle ground, known as Gita), he didn’t fought in the whole war, but was charioteer of Arjuna (the Archer Pandava). If this war wouldn’t had happened at that time sooner the world would had wiped out by evils. This war was the between Pandvas (Truth leaders) & Kauravas (the selfish ). Krishna army was against himself from the side of Kauravas. All people around 125,million were killed and only seven, including five Pavdavas were left alive in this war.

    From then onwards the knowledge bearers the BRAHMANAs who were meant to teach the society
    somehow gradually descended from their true path, during the last 4000 the Aryan society started
    adopting rigidity. Finally by the last 3000 years they become haunted of power, lack of their own knowledge & lack in practice of learning Veds. This started misrepresentation of Aryan books (the “AARSH” literature) and many new books with sacred names started coming to existence which
    include “Puranas & tantra” etc., even the early AARSH literature was manipulated by them to bake the cake of selfish people, who were not eligible to their positions but to hold their post they did wrong manipulations in pure AARSH literature like in “Manusmriti”, “Ved”, “Upnishads”, this manipulation being off the true stream/track of books, could be identified by any better learned scholar of Sanskrit. Even the manipulated Vayakaran came into existence which resulted in wrong translations of Ved, Upnishads & other sacred Books, giving birth to rites & ritual oriented religion containing meaningless practices.

    No true scholar could publicise his / her knowledge which resulted in birth of Buddhism, which bought into existence the idol worship, later new religion of Jains born with somewhat same concepts as that were of Buddhists. They were the perfect idol worshipers. This all menace continued till the evolving of Acharya Shanker who in order to establish order, conceptualized the Shivlingan concept of worshiping GOD, but before he could finalize his work of explaining worship of the Universal, omnipresent, unexplainable, dimensionless virtues of GOD over the idol worship, he was slained by Jain munies. His half learned scholars started a new sect of worshiping idols as it gave them good earning. After this a flood of sects, practices etc. started with its best strength and everybody was free to do what ever they want, the society become out of order. Only the power of Rajya Sabha with their appeasers was left to rule selfishly. Then came the Great Learned King Vikram Aditya (2060 years back) who ruled with some what order, but still the totality lacked & after him agian every thing returned back. After 600years to Vikram Greate Brahmana The CHANAKYA evolved with his students and placed his student Chandra Gupta Maurya on the thrown of the king of Indian Subcontinent, & most powerful King of the world after defeating Greek invasion in Aryak (Iraq) & Aryan (Iran). The rule created by Chanakya to protect the boundries remained till 100 years after his death with the Great King Bindusaar & his friend kings.
    Then came the curse king to Nation known as Ashoka the crule, illiterate, fool king. He showed no mercy to people & his neighboring states, Kept on his merciless feights, one of such war made his mind to take U turn & he became buddhist and shut down all the weapon factories resulting in making Indian boundries insecure, after which the Nation broke into very small states, which insecured them individually & 1100 years seen heavy loot, human loss & bloodshed by the evils of jungles like Muhamad Ghori, Ahmad Shah, Nadir shah, Babar, Mahmood Gajni, etc. They burnt Universities, Looted Treasures & Women, Destroyed states just because we had no protection of good weapons, unity and knowledge.

    Later the Babar descendents resided in India (Hindustan) Akber, Aurangjeb, etc. were the next cruel rulers (CRULERS). Though their was Dara Shikoh who wanted to collaborate with Hindus, but was deceitfully killed in war with his kin Aurangjeb.
    After some time India invaded by Pirates from England, who made their rule in India. What happened afterwards is known to everybody.

    This is all I could summerise this time. If you are really interested please log on to given links & find the source of my findings.

    I want to request you that do read the preface of this book.

    Thank you
    Arya Ganesh

    • Salil Tiwari Says:

      It is ture that Lithuanian language is thought to be close to Sanskrit which is fairly well preserved in the texts called the Vedas. Atlantis is a legend. Sanskrit was spread through Eurasia by horses. The riders carried the haplogroup R1a1a. This is documented by genetic analysis of people.
      Arya Ganesh, your English is very good (any one who uses kudos knows the language well). There were no Homo Sapiens in Europe 150,000 years ago!. Kurushetra was not fought between 6000 and 5000 the art of developing war-elephants wan not yet developed in the subcontinent. The world population was only 14 million in 3000 BCE. Buddhism did not being idol worship, in fact Buddha did not believe in God, thus no representation of God by idol would be required. Later Kings commissioned the sculpting of Buddha in honor of his ideas. The Greeks were not defeated by Chandragupt (by the way there is no Gupta in Chandragupt) but coexisted in the western part of the Indian Subcontinent for several centuries giving the local people the refined art of sculpting and the false practice of astrology. Ashoka was a great emperor who expanded the civilization. Ashoka had nothing to do with the Afghan invasion which took place 1000 years later! Your English is very good, but your History is very bad
      Salil

    • Salil Tiwari Says:

      Our knowledge of ancient history is not very clear since the documentation is very poor and we do not know the complexity of the time. So before you get down on the muslim invasion of India, please see the following presentation by a learned Hindu.

      Thank you.
      Salil

  11. axinia Says:

    Arya Ganesh,
    many thanks for that extended comment, it is really very itnresting. You may be surprised, but I am aware of almost everthing you write here, it is an exellent piece of history.
    What it remains still a mystery to me, is why exactly Lithianian language has absorbed so much of Sanskrit? More than any other Europen language? Do you know the answer? thanks!

  12. Arya Ganesh Says:

    Namaste
    I really impressed to know that you liked my history findings.
    I much I have explored back I got to know that, each time when a new group of explorers used to get out of the Aryavart (The Aryan land) to explorations, they spreaded their grammar, science & way of living also.
    There’s recent incident(1920-80)of encountering of finding good/ very advanced Sanskrit manuscript (having more than 30 types of recitation sound for one character ) on stones in Serbian region by an Indian Scholar on visiting that region for some other work. This was shown to him by an old Serbian, as an inquiry from him to know the pronunciation of some of those sounds. This means that he was practicing Sanskrit. I will soon tell you the exact time & place of this incident, as soon I read that book again.

    Then there were many Aryan groups & people who were either expelled from Aryavart or gone just for other purposes. They traveled & resided almost all of the parts of Europe & Arabia so with them they spreaded Sanskrit & science, their knowledge got mixed with locals & social culture of those places with deep Sanskrit impact, Lithuanian is surely one of the places which was made by deeply fond of Sanskrit. This is why all European languages are known as proto-indo-european languages.
    Why Lithuanian remained intact & closest to its roots surely needs a deep research.
    Yes indeed the Pluto wrote it right about Aryan Nation that the whole Europe is just the footnote of Aryavart.
    Later the rulers started Christianizing the European Nations due to the fall of Aryan reign & as this method gave them complete control on the people in the name of GOD. Christ who was a common man was made Hero in this regard & it was declared among the feared public that those who seek good life in haven & exemption from sins, should follow him. Stills the reading of Bible & Quran gives a feeling that these books are written by people who had a lot of unsteadiness in their minds, unlike the pure Ved.

    Aryans got their mathematics knowledge spreaded through the undeveloped world, starting from Arabs. Arabian’s old scripture (pre-islamic) are filled with appraisal for Aryans. Even Muhamad got married to an Aryan woman of twice of his age, who according to my belief wrote half of the Qoran to establish a good order in that region, after death her uncompleted work was taken over by Muhamad who was not that intelligent and this is easily showed in Qoran, that the latter part of hat book is rather useless to its prior part.

    Theres of course a lot to tell but still I know very less and my dating to events is not that good as it should be.In my previous writings I dated the Chandragupt period nuch after actual and also the invasion of moslems to Aryan had started before 700AD (Md. Bin Kasin & King Dahar battle at Iran border of current Pakistan)

    I thank the great ever-existing for getting me in touch of you people.
    I will try to write more pointed text from onwards.

    May we be able to make our-self the least sinners & of-course the truth warriors, & sacrifice our lives for same.
    AUM

  13. Ramya Says:

    Axinia, I guess I have become a genuine reader for your blog…I mean,you know what?? I have seen a documentary in BBC today, and I saw a documentary which tells about Lithuania language….and I was so surprised to its similarity to sanskrit….actually to my own language TELUGU…(almost all indian languages still have very strong relation to sanskrit)…for example, I found that Horse in Lithuania’s language is ASVA and in telugu its ASVAM and in sanskrit ASWA…exactly the same…..

    I was soo much excited, I defintely wanted to tell you but I had a doubt if you already have posted one…and here I am…finding one!!

    Cheers Axinia, U rule!!!
    Ramya

    • pinkpanther Says:

      Historically Telugu Kingdoms used more Sanskrit words for official purposes. For example, Aswam is Sanskrit derived. But there is also another word Gurram which may not be from Sanskrit/Indo European but from Proto Dravidian (Telugu is a Dravidian language).

      Although, currently, at least 50% of the words used in Telugu are from Sanskrit. The words (and some grammar forms) borrowed in the last 1500 years. But the connection between Lithuanian and Sanskrit are at language family level.

  14. axinia Says:

    Ramya, it is almost like a mystic…! funny how it works 🙂

    I am glad you always find something what you are looking for here on my blog.
    But I wish you will find here also what you are genuinely seeking for. IT IS ACTUALLY HERE.

  15. Salil C. Tiwari Says:

    So Ms. Axinia,
    How would you recommend a person to visit Lithuania for one week. What are the places to see, where to stay, how to get around…
    Thank you in advance,
    Salil (one of the many words for water in Sanskrit)

  16. swaps Says:

    I believe that above all outwardly identities like nationhood, religion,etc. language is the truest identity, hence we call it mother tongue…its that close to us.
    Lithuanian is a shining example…I think, being at the crossraods (or cross-swords) language was its armour against cultural extinction.
    Nice to know….it is very important for India.

  17. Gabija Says:

    Ramya,
    what kind of documentary was that?
    it’s weird cuz in lithuanian horse is ARKLYS, not ASVA.

    it’s really hard to believe that lithuanian is similar to sanskrit, I just heard it today for the first time. well, it can be. it’s so mystic, I mean, Lithuania has nothing to do with such lands like India, it’s miles away. 🙂 and history isn’t associated at all.

    • axinia Says:

      I agree, that is a total mystery but it is so 🙂
      May be later i will find out the details and post more on it.

      • Izzi Says:

        Hello! I’m a lithuanian too, and your discussion’s really amusing 😉
        About horses, in lithuanian AŠVA (pronounced like ashva) is indeed a horse (a mare), though majority of people do not use this word so much. There is also a river with the same name.

        • swaps Says:

          But some (may be most) Indians will never accept it.
          Because :-
          1) ‘horse’ is supposedly NOT native to India, BUT it is mentioned in our epics and vedas,
          2) foreign languages have words like ASVA that sound similar to sanskrit word ‘ashva’

          So it does suggest Sanskrit was ‘exported’ into India, BUT can we say Vedias (indeed, Vedic civilization) itself is alien to us. Difficult to swallow.

          What is ‘ocean’ called in Lithunian?
          ‘Sagar’ and ‘ashva’ are two words in the eye of a storm in Indology.

      • Gabija Says:

        never heard about ašva 🙂 I only use arklys 🙂

  18. Jagdish Keshav Says:

    Hi,
    It is astounding and pleasantly surprising to see the similarities beween Lithuanian & Sanskrit which are divided by thousands of miles in distance as far as their usage is concerned. I wonder if more research has been done to find the commonality or the roots of both the languages. If one is older than the other or which of the two languages can be deemed as the parent language. More input will be great to see.
    p.s. I was first made aware of this similarity by a Lithuanian colleague of mine !

    • axinia Says:

      thank you, Jagdish!

      I am sure there is some profoudn research already done, but I am not sure it will be so intresting outside of linguistics. If it will get some material, I will post it here.
      For me the question is clear that Lithuanian takes its origin in Sansrit, and not vice versa…

  19. John Says:

    I only know the following words which either are similar to Sanskrit or have similar words with Indian languages:

    /Lithuanian/ /Approximate pronounciation/ /English/

    TEVAS (tae’vas) (father)
    MOTINA (mo=tina) (mother)
    SUNUS (suunu’s) (son)
    DUKTE (douktae) (daughter)
    DUOTI (dwoti) (to give)
    ARTI (aarti) (to plough soil)
    LAUKAS (lowkas) (field)
    LAKSHTINGALA ( … ) (nightingale)
    RAUDA (rowda’) (a cry)
    AKMUO (akmwo) (a stone)
    DANGUS (dangu’s) (sky)
    SAULE (sow’lae) (Sun)
    ORAS (o=ras) (air, weather)
    MEDUS (maedhou’s) (bee honey)
    DIDIS (…) (grand, great, big)
    GYVENIMAS (geevae’nimas) (life)
    MIRTI (…) (to die)
    KRAUJAS (crow’yas) (blood)
    SHUO (shwa) (a dog)
    ZHEME (zhaemea) (Earth, soil, ground)

    Perhaps not all words are traceable, but some of these should be similar to Sanskrit and other languages of Iran, India and other ancient countries.

    J

    • axinia Says:

      John, thanks a lot!
      TO me alsmost all seem to be very similar to…Russian. 🙂 More than to Sanskrit or any other..

      • Ingrida Says:

        Axinia, please don’t bring Russian into this beautiful post. Everybody in Lithuania know that from Russia we only borrowed bad words to use in daily life, as Lithuanian language does not have any strong bad words of its own. 😉

        • Sobakus Says:

          Ingrida, you’ve just called everybody in Lithuania dumb, which of course isn’t true. The fact is, the Baltic and the Slavic language branches are the two most closely related ones among the Indo-European languages, to the extent they are often united into one Balto-Slavic branch. While you can find tons of words of the same origin between Slavic or Lithuanian and Sanskrit, Latin or Greek(when I first learned the word “veda” in school, I actually didn’t know if it was of Slavic or Indian origin, lol), the amount you find between Slavic and Lithuanian is ten times more at least. The discussions on the topic of ancient languages, Sanskrit, Lithuanian, Aryans and the like are innumerable, but in every one of them there’s plenty of uneducated guesses and just pure, refined lunacy and ravings, like that pseudo-historical nonsense by Arya Ganesh.
          If you wish to learn more on the topic, Wikipedia is your best friend. Read the articles on Proto-Indo-European, Lithuanian, Sanskrit, the origins of Indo-Europeans and you hopefully won’t suggest that Lithuanian is derived from Sanskrit anymore. To sum it up for you, they are parts of different language branches, both stemming from the Proto-Indo-European language. Their similarities, as unbelievable as it might seem, are exactly due to that fact. The question here is why did Lithuanian and the Slavic languages with the exception of Bulgarian/Macedonian change so much less then the other perverted I-E branches like Germanic(the only healthy language there is Icelandic, with full inflection and stuff), Romance(Romanian there, with heavy Slavic influence), Indo-Aryan, Celtic, Greek etc? Unfortunately, I havent’ come across anything on that topic so far.

          • HarryTheWriter Says:

            Please expand on your words:

            “… you hopefully won’t suggest that Lithuanian is derived from Sanskrit anymore.”

            I get the feeling that you find the idea of Lithuanian being the “child” of Sanskrit bitter to your mind; i.e. hard to accept.

            During the British occupation/control of India, even educated Britons found it hard to swallow the facts from their own Anthropologists. The British in India itself would have especially found it hard to believe that these “swarthy peasants” of [North Western] India had anything to do with “us Europeans”, linguistically, genetically or culturally. They made the common perceptual mistake of seeing the wealth and power of a people as the true picture of who they are, and since peasants have neither wealth nor power, they falsely believed that the natives of north-western India could not possibly be linguistically (and therefore genetically) close to the natives of “Great Britain”.

            Your words remind me of the Greek fellow who proudly said that everything the Indians know was taught to them by Alexander the Great when he came to India. Even if that were true, the rapidity at which the Indians learned “all that they know” from old Alex, it would have been an immensely impressive feat of “speed learning”!!!! Rather than arguing with the proud Greek, I said, “That’s right, mate. But Indians learn at incredible speed. Go find out how long Alex the Great spent in India, and it’ll prove that the Indians of that time were the fastest learners history has ever seen!” But even if he did go and find out, he’d probably come away with the belief that it was the tutorial skill of the Greeks that did it. Such is the situation of people in whom false ideas have taken too deep a root. Even when shown the truth, the truth is rationalized to a shape that justifies their original belief, in this case, the belief of the superiority of one’s own people. To embrace a truth diametrically opposed to his long cherished “understanding”, perhaps his old self would have to experience something very akin to death, (death of the “self” occupying a living body, not of the physical body itself), after which a new and very different self would have to take over. But just as a person will struggle against death, so the “self” within a living body will struggle against expulsion, even after being struck by repeated “blows” of facts opposing the world-view of this “self”. What we “know” is who we are.

            If what I’ve said in the previous paragraph sounds far-fetched, consider what militaries do with recruits to change them from ordinary people, into soldiers who can kill without thinking too much about it during or after the murder.

            Anyway, you interest in this path of study is praiseworthy. Why? Because so many ideas and facts thrown up while following the hidden trails in how the languages of Europe—or rather, of “Indo-Arya”—developed and changed through time and geography flies in the face of history books. At any rate, I began to lose my trust in official history in high school.

            • Sobakus Says:

              Rrriiight…. Let’s see what we’ve got here… A guy reads a comment stating a basic scientific fact: Lithuanian does not stem from Sanskrit. He then proceeds to write a lengthy comment in which he first tells me how the stuck-up British couldn’t believe they had common roots with some lowly northern-Indian peasants, and then about some Greek dude with nationalistic attitude, both of which are meant to show me that I have a certain point of view and I try to adapt the facts to that point of view even if the facts contradict it.

              That can mean two things:

              1) You have no idea about historical linguistics, as such you do not have any idea what Sanskrit is, what a language branch is, what a daughter language is and what the hell am I talking about at all. Either you:

              a)think Sanskrit is the mother language of all the Indo-European languages and that all of them as such stem from Sanskrit. Well, I’ll give you a little hint: Sanskrit belongs to the Indo-Iranian branch of I-E languages, Lithuanian belongs to the Balto-Slavic one. Sanskrit is contemporary to Proto-Balto-Slavic language, from which all the Baltic and Slavic languages evolved. Both Sanskrit and P-B-S stem from Proto-Indo-European. If you have severe logical problems, try drawing two parallel lines with Sanskrit above one and Proto-Balto-Slavic above the other; or

              b)think that Lithuanians actually are an Indian tribe who had been lost in a forest and after wandering it for a few millenia found themselves in Eastern Europe.

              In both these cases follow my advice in my original post and read up on this stuff, it’s not that boring at all. You can just borrow a first-year college schoolbook on historical linguistics.

              2) You think that linguistics is a shit science, that everything it states is false, that the people who studied languages before you were dumb and ignorant, that you’ve spoken to the God and know the real truth, and we’re all idiots. I advise you to consult a psychiatrist in that case, although it probably is incurable.

              In any case, you have that idea of yours about adjusting stuff to your own false ideas, and here we see a great example of psychological projection: you yourself clearly interprete my comment through your false understanding of the matter and then state I’m wrong, instead of adjusting your own point of view to the scientific one.

              Sorry if I’m being too harsh, but I’m easily annoyed by pseudo-historian madmen and I see them too often in the Internet. I sincerely hope I’m wrong and you’re not one of them.

              • HarryTheWriter Says:

                Sorry for the late reply. How can I be alerted to replies and posts here?

                Harshness or not, if you prove me wrong, I will thank you for it, because I will have learned something. You certainly seem to know what you’re talking about, and it ties in with the IE language map I see at:

                http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4f/IndoEuropeanTree.svg

                That map certainly shows that Lithuanian did not proceed from Sanskrit; indeed NO language was parented by Sanskrit. But they came from the same basic root (according to the above-mentioned language map). Also, the ancientness that Sanskrit-like languages and Lithuanian have in common puts them in very close proximity (in my interested mind). By “close proximity”, I mean similarity of words, grammar and all else that goes into the construct of a language. They’re close cousins, as it were. But you’re welcome to show me I’m wrong again.

                And if I were to base crucial decisions on not thoroughly researched facts, well, I would indeed be a madman. If official and popular history is correct, Hitler was a madman because he based his decisions regarding who deserves to live and who doesn’t on deeply flawed “knowledge”. But then, maybe it can be seen as “intelligent” (albeit scientifically and otherwise dishonest”) to build up a myth that justifies being the dominant race, who is justified in putting others to work for your race. Or the race who deserves to live, while others deserve not to live.

                Your post highlighted something I’ve known to be true, though I welcome you to prove me wrong again: Western civilization expects a person to know everything about everything to be regarded as a learned man or woman; i.e. a “non-idiot”. This idea had a strong presence in 19th Century England, when it was believed that all knowledge could indeed be memorized by one person. With the passing of decades, with which came the flourishing of scientific knowledge especially, it should have become clear that such was impossible, but the idea persisted. For much of the 20th Century, a Euro-centric and Euro-dominated world has looked at life and the world through 19th Century eyes, and this persists to this day.

                You wrote: “In any case, you have that idea of yours about adjusting stuff to your own false ideas, and here we see a great example of psychological projection: you yourself clearly interprete my comment through your false understanding of the matter and then state I’m wrong, instead of adjusting your own point of view to the scientific one.”
                Well, you have alerted and reminded me of something I see all the time: I’ve observed even scientists fit facts they encounter according to their training, rather than as they are. I’ve even known of other “learned gentleman”, including a doctor, who expressed irritation and anger when forced to face evidence that clashed with what they “knew”.

                Many ordinary Europeans are so convinced that people of a country like India could never have built up any “knowledge” worthy of being called “knowledge” without the help/influence/tutoring/genetic contribution of some invading Europeans. And that any accomplishments comparable to those of Europeans (like a thriving Information Technology industry) are because of European bloodlines in Indian people. Actually, the North-West of India has the most “European genes”, but it is SOUTH India (with the least “European genes”) that established India’s thriving Information Technology sector. And I am not South Indian by the way, as one might expect me to be, having said all these glorious things about South India. I am—as you have advised—seeing facts as they are, rather than as I would like to see them. That’s pivotal to the scientific method, as you’ve said yourself.

                You would be right in that I don’t have a formally trained grasp of historical linguistics–I did not go to university to study linguistics. I just have an interest in linguistics, and am often curious about which language a person is speaking. I can often tell which part of the world a person is from by their accent, or even from their first name. Turkish is usually the most difficult to pinpoint from a first name, so if I have trouble, I usually guess ‘Turkish’, which is usually right, but only because of a calculation of the odds, not from any knowledge of the Turkish language.

                Yes, according to my interests, Linguistics is not boring at all, but I need to concentrate on readings, study and training that must take priority; studying Linguistics would be an indulgence, and I already indulge too much in this area–for example, in typing this post. Luckily, this natural interest has made me so sharp with the English language, that I can hammer out miles and miles of thoughts in English (some of them wrong I’m sure) with great ease, and with much more clarity than most people can.

                Feel free to tell me I’m wrong in anything I have said, or will say. Tesla, I understand, was part Roma Gypsy, something that’s remained hidden from our historical records, not necessarily deliberately, but partly because Tesla himself would not have cared if he had Roma Gypsy ancestry or not. [END]

                • axinia Says:

                  hi HarryTheWriter
                  you can just subscribe to the comments on this post 8see button below the post) and welcome to keep up this interesting discussion!

                  • HarryTheWriter Says:

                    OK, I clicked on the little “Follow” icon (at bottom right of screen). Is that enough? (In other words, do I have to subscribe in some other way?)

              • HarryTheWriter Says:

                [BEGIN]Sobakus, I’m waiting patiently for your reply but in the meantime here is something I think you might be interested in:

                http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/gnxp/2009/09/the-politics-of-genetic-history-in-india/

                Noteworthy to the many Europeans, plain folk, learned folk, or “white supremacist” folk (whether quietly and politely so, or chest-beatingly so) is the sentence:

                “.. However, researchers said there was no scientific proof of whether Indians went to Europe first or the other way round.”

                The epic tale “Mahabharata”, I believe, supports the idea that Indian people radiated out of India, including into Europe and would be the ancestors of present-day Europeans.

                A lot of things spoken of in the stories of ancient India, discounted as “myths” by British (and even Indian) scholars, are proving to be not at all mythical. I believe it was in 1995 when satellites picked up signs on the terrain of a river that once was–the ancient Sarasvati. By the time the British arrived, that there was no such river in existence in times remembered by the native Indians was held up as proof that the Hindu texts, and anything “Hindoo”, was unworthy of any kind of attention.

                I wonder how much else regarded as mythical will turn out not to be so in years to come.

                The names of ancient rivers strike melodies deep in my heart; so do the syllables and sounds of ancient languages, like Sanskrit and Lithuanian. They enliven memories, they bring back forgotten dreams of places that had give me utter joy, ancient worlds where I once lived, now lost forever. [END]

  20. Petrux Says:

    Hey SALIL,

    I was wondering whether your name SALIL (which means “water” in Sanskrit as you say) has something to do with Lithuanian SALYKLAS, which is kind of water or mix for making a beer.

    Petras

  21. Mir Says:

    I had a lithuanian friend a while ago. I was learning 1,2 ,3s and i was surprised to hear worrd that are very similar to my language shina spoken in Gilgit N orth Pakistan. Not even that we have a few customs and rituals are alike. My lithuanian friend was astonished when i pronounced lithuanian words exactly the way they speak! Wow! after i retired i must work on validating our relations to Lithuanians.
    what a small world!

  22. Mir Says:

    Lithuanian Shina
    Shuw shu ( dog)
    Miriti Miri (Miridi> she died>
    SAULE Surie (sun )
    Zabien earth
    Astuane ash 8
    and there is much more!

  23. Jonas Says:

    I think this discussion is not about one nation’s superiority over another, so let’s not say “don’t bring Russian”, because Russian language in it’s archaic form has a lot in common with Sanskrit as well. Sometimes Russian words are closer to Sanskrit, than Lithuanian-Latvian, for instance: MAT’ – MOTINA or DATI – DUOTI. No language or culture is superior over any other.

    • swaps Says:

      Not only in its primordial form but also in its current form, Russian is similar to Sanskrit (by extension, to many Indian languages). Here are some interesting ones:

      бояться – to fear (‘bhaya’)

      гордиться – feel proud (‘garjisu’ – to roar)

      кричать – to scream (‘kiruchu’)

      There are many more …мясо(meat), корова(cow), дверь(door)…and numerals. But importantly, the grammar is similar too.

      Somehow, Russians are fascinated by the West and English words are ‘Russified’. Their free borrowing of English words does worry me.

      • Namas Says:

        Lith. bijoti – to be afraid; baime – fear; baisu – scarry; bailus – cowardly, etc.
        garbe – honour; garbus – honorous; garsas – sound; garsus – famous; garsinu – making smth famous etc.
        klykti or kliegti or kirkauti or klykauti or rykauti, etc. – to scream (also spygti/rykauti/ubauti/saugti/zhviegti/plyshoti/spiegti/vaitoti and many hundreds of synonims of “to scream”); riksmas or klyksmas – the scream

        mesa – meat, karve – cow, durys – door

        BTW, some researchers find some forms of Lithuanian MORE of that those of Sanskrit. 🙂

      • Namas Says:

        BTW, cow in Lith. is also not only karve, but galvijas too (there was ancient word pekus for cows too). There are some more rare words, linked with cows like pagania, unfortunately rarely used these days.

    • aussiechiro Says:

      The reason why Russian has words more similar to Sanskrit is that both of them are more refined than Lithuanian. By refined I mean that they have changed. Both have lost the Indo-european nominative ending. To a Lithuanian a noun ending in a consonant in the nominative case is repulsive. Some type of bastardised incomplete word.

  24. James Says:

    GOOD ARTICLE.

    Yes, you are so right.

    I would be curious to see what percent of the population has R1a1 haplogroup. That should help tell us how close they are to the Proto-Indo-European ancestors.

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  26. Xw Says:

    This discussion is about things which have long been elaborated and generally agreed upon.

    First of all, Lithuanian DOES NOT have its origins in the Sanskrit language, nor does Sanskrit have origins in Lithuanian. The two languages emerged from a language that was spoken in a distant past. This language gave birth to English, German, Russian, Lithuanian, Latin, Greek, Sanskrit and many other languages and then disappeared. Lithuanian ans Sanskrit developed independently for thousands of years. Therefore, they have differences but they also have similarities due to their common ancestry.

    The one thing to note here is that Sanskrit came out of existence thousands of years ago and left only works of litterature behind. There, words and grammatical structures are still seen today the way they were some thousands of years before. And LIthuanian has all the time been used and is still used as a living language. We are comparing two languages separated by two thousands years and we are able todetect similarities! This is what makes Lithuanian unique – it survived for such a long time and is still somewhat of a match to Sanskrit.

    The fact that some people dont know the word ASVA does not surprise me. When I hear modern Lithuanian kids say ZVENGIU instead of JUOKIUOSI, BABKES instead of PINIGAI, BAJERIS instead of JUOKAS, POKSTAS and VAROM instead of EINAM I imagine that these words will also be forgotten.

    Russian is also an archaic language, Id say its approximately equal to LIthuanian in its high number of archaisms although Serbian or other South Slavic languages may be more archaic.

  27. Jonas Says:

    Rashymui lietuvishkai neturint lietuvishkos klaviatwros siwlome alternatyvuu rashymo bwdaa (abeeceelae) naudojant tik 25 standartines lotynuu abeeceelees raides.

    A = A

    A nasal (nosinee) = AA

    B = B

    C = C

    C (tsh) = CH

    CH (german ch; or spanish j) = HH

    D = D

    E = E

    E (with one dot) = EE

    E nasal (nosinee) = AE

    F = F

    G = G

    H = H

    I = I

    I nasal (nosinee) = IJ

    Y = Y

    J = J

    K = K

    L = L

    M = M

    N = N

    O = O

    P = P

    Q (foreign words and (sur)names and sometimes for letter C (tsh))

    R = R

    S = S

    Š = SH

    T = T

    U = U

    U nasal (nosinee) = UU

    U long (ilgoji) = W

    V = V

    W (used as “u-long” (u-ilgoji) mainly)

    X (for foreign words and (sur)names and sometimes for letter Š (sh))

    Z = Z

    Ž (zh) = ZH

    ====================================================

    Internete rashymo pavyzdzhiai:

    Teksto originalas dabartine lietuviuu kalba, turint
    lietuvishkas raides savo kompiuteryje:

    Nosines raides a ir e dar pirmuju lietuviu rašytoju Renesanso metu perimtos iš lenku rašybos, o ju pavyzdžiu paciu lietuviu pasidarytos „trukstamos“ i ir u. Grafemos e autoriaus šloves nusipelno pirmosios spausdintos 1653 metu lietuviu kalbos gramatikos autorius Danielius Kleinas. Raides c, š, ž su paukšciukais dar XIX amžiuje buvo pasiskolintos iš ceku rašybos, o jauniausia lietuviu abeceles raide u, neseniai tyliai atšventusi savo šimtmeti, buvo idiegta kalbininko Jono Jablonskio.

    Bendrines kalbos naujumas teikia ir privalumu – lietuviu tartis beveik atitinka rašta, t. y. tariama taip, kaip rašoma. Viena raide paprastai reiškia viena garsa, tad skaitant jas iš karto žinomi ir garsai. Šia prasme lietuviu kalba modernesne už prancuzu ar anglu kalbas, kur raides nebutinai reiškia ta pati garsa.

    Neturint lietuvishkos klaviatwros rashoma:

    Nosinees raidees “a” ir “e” dar pirmuujuu lietuviuu rashytojuu Renesanso metu perimtos ish lenkuu rashybos, o juu pavyzdzhiu pachiuu lietuviuu pasidarytos “trwkstamos” “i” ir “u” (nosinees raidees). Grafemos “e” (su tashku) autoriaus shlovees nusipelno pirmosios spausdintos 1653 metuu lietuviuu kalbos gramatikos autorius Danielius Kleinas. Raidees c, š, ž su paukshchiukais dar XIX amzhiuje buvo pasiskolintos ish chekuu rashybos, o jauniausia lietuviuu abeeceelees raidee u (ilgoji), neseniai tyliai atshventusi savo shimtmetij, buvo ijdiegta kalbininko Jono Jablonskio.

    Bendrinees kalbos naujumas teikia ir privalumuu – lietuviuu tartis beveik atitinka rashtaa, t. y. tariama taip, kaip rashoma. Viena raidee paprastai reishkia vienaa garsaa, tad skaitant jas ish karto zhinomi ir garsai. Shia prasme lietuviuu kalba modernesnee uzh prancwzuu ar angluu kalbas, kur raidees nebwtinai reishkia taa patij garsaa.

    Teksto shaltinis: LKI.LT

    Alternatyvws zhodzhiu raxymo pavyzdzhiai (neturint LT ABC):

    Paukxchiukai (paukshchiukai, paukshchjukai, pauksciukai)
    Zhvaigzhdzhiuu (zvaigzdziu)
    Praxau ijeikite ij kambarij (prashau iieikite ii kambarii)
    Qiulbantys paukxqiai (chiulbantys paukshchiai)
    Hhameleonas su hhalatu (chameleonas su chalatu)
    Aazhuoluu Bwda (Aazhuoluu Buuda)
    Shunys eeda pasigardzhiuodami
    Kaqiukuu xiame kambaryje buvo xexi (kachiukuu shiame kambaryje buvo sheshi)
    Zhuveedros skraidee virx jwros (zhuvejdros skraidej virsh juuros)

  28. amir Says:

    Dear Admission Officer

    I would like to bring in your kind notice that I am very much interested to get admission in Lithuanian Language and Cultural program. Please guide me what documents required and program fee how much in Euro…?

    I would be thankful for your kind and favorable reply soon.

    Thanks & regards

    Amir Masud

  29. Kristi Says:

    Very interesting paper about Lithuanian language :
    The Lithuanian Language — Past and Present
    by WILLIAM R. SCHMALSTIEG, The Pennsylvania State University

    http://www.lituanus.org/1982_1/82_1_01.htm

  30. sunilkumar P Says:

    REALLY LITHUANIAN LANGUAGE IS VERY CLOSES TO SANSKRIT H

  31. sunilkumar P Says:

    I WANT TO KNOW MORE ABOUT LITHUANIAN LAUNGUAGE

  32. axinia Says:

    miss AXINIA,

    I am giving some Sanskrit words i think it may related to Lithuanian or other IE
    Sanskrit (English meaning)

    matha (mother), pitha(father), bhratha(brother), dina,diva (day), soorya(sun), ghow(cow) dwar(door), madhya(middle) sunun (son), rodhan(cry), madhu(honey), mrithyu(die), shuan (dog),mooshik(mouse), geevanam(life), jenithak(genitics), samam(same), manav(man), virat(man), ghritham (ghee),
    nama(name), nasika (nose), danth(tooth), hriday, hrith(heart), …. more similliar words .. pleas u can compare with Lithuaniyan…

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  34. Viktoras Says:

    Hi all!

    My english is not very good, but I want to pay your attention about India-Lithuania connection:

    http://vilnews.com/2011-04-incredible-indian-lithuanian-relations-2

    About the symbols: http://www.ethnicart.lt/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=193&Itemid=324 and http://ethnicshop.lt/

    About the Baltic Art: http://www.baltumenas.lt/en/?s=apie

    A little example of similar words (sanskrit-lithuanian-english): agnis (अग्निः) – ugnis (fire), vajus (वायु:) – vėjas (wind), aśru (अश्रु:) – ašara (tear), aśvā (अश्वा) – ašva, kumelė (mare, horse), kūrmas (कूर्म:) – kurmis (mole – animal), ratha (रथ:) – ratas (circle), devas (देव:) – Dievas (god), navyas (नव्य:) – naujas (new), madhu (मधु) – medus (honey), vīra (वीर:) – vyras, didvyris (man, hero), svapnas (स्वप्न:) – sapnas (dream), sanas (सन:) – senas (old), sravati (स्रवति) – srovena (is fluidity), śvaśuras (श्वशुर:) – šešuras (father in low), sūnus (सूनु:) – sūnus (son), skr. asmi – asi – asti = liet. esu – esi – esti (I am – you are – it is).
    Sanskrit: Kas tvam asi? Asmi svapnas tava tamase nakte. Agniṃ dadau te śradi tada viśpatir devas tvam asi.
    Lithuanian: Kas tu esi? Esu sapnas tavo tamsioje naktyje. Ugnį daviau tau širdy, tada viešpatis dievas tu esi.
    English: Who are you? I am your dream in a dark night. I gave you the fire in your heart, and then the Lord God you are.

    Words like: Dharma -Darna (harmony), Vedas – veda, vesti (lead) and may more 🙂

  35. Viktoras Says:

    BTW, from the book of Philologist (born in Russia), Professor of Vilnius University in Lithuania, Habilitated Doctor of University of Heidelberg in Germany Olegas Poliakovas “The World and the Lithuanian Language”:
    “(…) For his postgraduate training in Moscow in the Academy os Sciences the author chose Indo-European studies. This filed of linguistics investigates the origin of Indo-European languages and their history. These languages are widely spread, in every continent. They descended from a common Proto-Indo-European language that broke up in to separate languages more than four thousand years ago. All modern Indo-European languages have changed immensely since then – with the exception of Lithuanian.
    This is already a well-known fact, but it seems miraculous to anyone beginning to study the history of ancient Indo-European languages who comes in touch with reconstruction of their common ancestor – Proto-Indo-European. To the present author likewise, Lithuanian seemed like a miracle. The route into Indo-European linguistics usually begins with the study of Latin, Ancient Greek, Sanskrit and Hittite. The author, however, began Indo-European studies with modern Lithuanian. He was highly impressed by the remarkable preservation of archaic Indo-European features in Lithuanian, which proved a great help to him in mastering ancient Indo-European languages. While these languages are dead, and have to be learnt from manuals and textbooks, Lithuanian can be studied first of all from current speech.
    (…) The author also spent many years in Germany, where he worked, studied and defended his second doctor’s thesis (habilitation). He has gained wide experience in teaching and research, presented learned papers at various universities and centers of scholarship in Germany, Russia, Great Britain, Austria, Ireland, Sweden, The Czech Republic, France and Italy, but it is Lithuania that has become his homeland.”

    Conclusions of the book: “(…) Modern Lithuanian presents a peculiar phenomenon for comparative linguistics. It can compared with the I.E. (Indo-European) languages that have long vanished or been changed in such a way that they are not now intelligible to their modern speakers (Indo-Aryans, Greeks, the Romance and Germanic peoples, Celts and Slavs). Modern Icelandic and Faroese have changed slightly over thousand years, but in comparison with Lithuanian are not so archaic. (…) In many respects, the vowel system in Lithuanian is more archaic than those of Hittite, Sanskrit, Gothic, Old Irish and Old Church Slavonic. (…) Lithuanian still preserves the I.E. diphthongs, with some modifications, whereas in Greek and there Romance languages they were lost long ago. (…) Together with Sanskrit and Old Church Slavonic Lithuanian belongs to the satem languages in which the palatal velars k, g and gh had changed into sibilants. (…) Lithuanian and Sanskrit have maintained the initial I.E. morphophonological structure of a word much better than all other languages examined. In some cases this structure in Sanskrit and Lithuanian coincides almost completely. (…) In comparison with ancient I.E. languages Lithuanian retains a very archaic nominal system. (…) Lithuanian presents an extraordinary phenomenon among all modern I.E. languages. It has maintained much of the language structure of the ancient I.E. languages and their vocabulary. In many aspects Modern Lithuanian stands close to Proto-Indo-European and helps us to reconstruct it. (…) In Lithuanian is reflected not only the spiritual and material culture of the Lithuanian nation but also that one of the distant ancestors of all Indo-European nations.
    The Lithuanian language is worthy of recognition as part of the UNESCO World Heritage.”

    There is a book of world famous Lithuanian archaeologist Marija Gimbutas about the Balts:
    with pictures and maps: http://www.vaidilute.com/books/gimbutas/gimbutas-contents.html
    without pictures and maps: http://u0093139720.user.hosting-agency.de/uploads/media/gimbutas.pdf

    Happy New Year! Many wishes from Lithuania!

  36. Viktoras Says:

    Sorry, I didn’t copy the link of a book: by an Indian linguist, educationist and litterateur Suniti Kumar Chatterji “BALTS AND ARYANS IN THEIR INDO-EUROPEAN BACKGROUND”: http://vaidilute.com/books/chatterji/chatterji-contents.html
    🙂

  37. sunilkumar p Says:

    Miss Axinia,
    I think the connection of Lithuanian and other Baltic languages to Sanskrit only because of the Indo European connections, I am not thinking that Lithuanian or any other European Languages are stem of Sanskrit . but the different branches of the PIE . The common ancestors indo Europeans might have lived 10000 years back in central Asian steppe’s as different Tribes , and using same language. Later their separation taken places step by step through the thousands of years ex: some tribes might have move to north west direction in 8 or 9 thousand years back but the last separated group might have set out their journey at4 or 5 thousand years back A 10000 year is long duration to made changes in any Languages with their own separate existence Lithuanians(Baltics) and Aryans may be the last separated group that simple logic may be behind historic truth of Sanskrit and Baltic special connections miss Axinia , you pleas don’t your roots in north west India , as a south Indian i think north west Indians out comers in our ancient rig Veda not single mentioning of India but only about in between areas (Afghanistan or west Pakistan …)

  38. sunilkumar p Says:

    The blog of Arya Ganesh is baseless theories that he is saying that Aryans were spreaded to all the world from India, it is scientifically wrong, if any foreigner goes through India no body can see pure Aryan people anywhere but only mixed races all, slightly mixed in north west India , and coming down to southwards mixing ratio is becoming high some of the area is filled with blacks only (Dravidian) going to east wards mixed with mongols and blacks will see. if Aryans started from India as Ganesh says that race should be the major race here . if examine Afghanistan , you can see major share is whites Aryan (white people) only… same like the case of Iran also .. the slight ratio of Afghan i dark skin may be mixed from Indian sub continent from early days in case Iran black mixing might effected from African black penetration through Arabia and Iraq .Here i am trying to express the idea that white skin people basically from Eurasia only they gradually spread to all the Europe central south central Asia . somewhere they are existing in their original physical appearances and in other area as mixed new races

    Indo Aryans and Lithuanians may be the last separated groups from the total PIE groupes so that their languages having more connection than others. and about Sanskrit , for last 2000 years it is not daily using language of common people it may be standing in the same position as in 2000years back that is why Sanskrit having more connection to PIE

  39. Anisha Says:

    more Eurocentric nonsense . all whites have ever dopne was try to destroy our Vedic civilization and history by people like max Mueller and also whites are not a ancient race . white people have not been around for more than 6000 years so this is all Eurocentric BS nonsense. whites do not have the vedas Sanskrit in their country nor do they practice anything regarding sathanam dharm . everything about white people has been LIES just like America being founded by whites when it was already inhabited just like whites claiming they are Aryan when whites are mlecchas. allo0t of inadequacy’s and inconsistencies . I don’t believe in any of this nonsense. also Abrahamic religions conflict with Hinduism sathanam dharm so this is obviously a hoax by a white scholar who exploited our vedas and created his own variation of the words. whites are full of sh.T. pagan wicca and Christianity has nothing at all to do with Hinduism sathanam dharm and whites never showed up to India before 1498 ,muslims never showed up to India up until 1000 ce so there are allot of inconsistencies and this is yet another theory of BS! also there is nobody in our country who is white that has resonated any cultural exchange in India so be yourself and quit stealing and ruining our culture it is not for white people period. also you don’t speak hindi either.also the rig-veda Sanskrit is the most ancient Sanskrit and is only found in i9ndia not Europe . the Sanskrit mentions nothing of Europe it only mentions the saraswathi river.

  40. Anisha Says:

    done,allot,india typo) also leave our people the fk alone we don’t like whi9te people you are trash and very incredibly annoying.

  41. Anisha Says:

    white

  42. sunil kumar P Says:

    Dear friend,
    you no need to be hot like this.. don’t try to be dark by closing your own eyes… as by human science only few races formed in the world basically……. Negroids, (Dravidian and, Australoid may be a part of it) Caucasians, and Mongolians etc… all other races are mixed…. even about in case of modern European peoples may be Aryans mixed with pre Aryan whites .. in case of India we can can see mixed people only. in north west area , ratio of mixing is less but in south 80 % of Dravidian mixed with 20% of Aryans in some area in south can see pure Dravidian also
    languages of India also like this . you firstly understand that in Rig Veda there is no indication about India but only about west Pakistan and Afghanistan we have to guess at that time they (Indic Aryans ) might have reached there.. and also should aware that Iranian words and Sanskrit words similarity in common
    in my point of view , Indian peoples (even the darker also) are trying to re gain the pure white skin which they have lost somewhere in the ancient times in India , take anybody’s case , who is light skinned or dark skinned apart from Mongolian races .. standard of beauty designed and measures by Indo European measurement no Mongolian peoples is Model here …. these all indicates that , white peop;e came here once upon a time and slowly mixes with local peoples
    here peopledivided by caste system the word using for caste system in Sanskrit is” Varnasram ” means DIVISION BASED ON COLOUR ….

  43. sunil kumar p Says:

    few words of Sanskrit connected to European languages

    no Sanskrit English ( or some other European language)

    1 matha mother
    2 pitha father
    3 bratha brother
    4 douhithri daughter
    5 sunun son
    6 jeevanam life …….
    7 nasika nose
    8 dantha dental
    9 madhyam middle
    10 dharani terranian madhyadarani meditaranian
    11 dwar door
    12 upari upper
    13 stan stare
    14 dheer dare
    15 aksham axe
    16 moksham maximum
    17 madhu honey ?????
    18 samam same
    19 nama name
    20 pradham prime
    21 maha megha
    22 navam nine
    23 ashtam eight
    24 saptam sevan
    25 pancham five
    27 evam one
    28 dwayam two
    29 trayam three
    30 taru tree
    31 aswam hoerse
    32 gov cow
    33 cuckudam cok
    34 mooshik mouse
    35 shuan dog ????
    36 shrigal jackal
    38 madhyamam media
    39 jenitak jenitics
    40 dev god ????
    41 naktram night
    42 navik naval
    43 nava new
    44 hams swan ???
    45 antar under
    46 paksham partual
    47 kalanthar clendar
    48 harmyam home
    49 hruday
    hrith heart
    50 midhya mith
    51 knjan know
    52 vachan voice
    53 kadha story ????
    54 ghritham ghee
    55 yuvak youth
    56 yug age
    57 manav man
    58 virat man
    59 aryan noble
    60 arun sun ???
    61 agni fire ????
    62 naranga orange
    63 dhoomam smoke ???
    64 samastan semaster
    65 vastru vest (dress)
    66 mrithyu death ???
    67
    many more no time…..

    • Olivera Says:

      Sanskrit and serbian are the closest
      Agan – oganj (fire);
      bagas – bog (god);
      brath – brat (brather);
      bhala – bela (white);
      budh – buđenja(awaken);
      chata – ceta (platoon);
      chatvaari – četvrti (fourth) (four)
      deti – dete (child);
      div – div (grand);
      dhr – drží (carry)
      dina – dan (day);
      dasha – deset (ten);
      dama – dom (home);
      dvi – dva (two);
      girya – gora (mountain);
      grad – grad (city);
      iskra – iskra (spark);
      kada – kada (when);
      kuta – Kuća (house);
      lip – lep (pretty);
      lot – ljut (angry);
      laghi – laki, lagan (light);
      ljubhva – ljubav (love);
      matr – mater (mother);
      mala – mali (little);
      more – more (sea);
      mil – mili (dear);
      muush – miš (mouse);
      nabas – nebo (sky);
      nava – novi (new);
      naham – nisam (I am not);
      paraha – prah (dust);
      prati – protiv (against);
      pancha -pet (five);
      pena – pena (bubbles);
      rabh – rob (slave);
      rosa – rosa (dune);
      sa – so (salt);
      sila – sila (might,force);
      sas/ShaTa – šest(six);
      stan – stan (lives there);
      sabha – soba (room);
      stala – stol/astal (table);
      tata – tata (dad);
      ta – taj (that person);
      tvar – stvar (thing);
      trassti – tresti (shake);
      trang – trag (track);
      tamas – tama (dark);
      tri – tri (three);
      triydosa – trinaest (thirteen);
      tada – tada (then);
      vrt – vrt (garden);
      vicur – večer (evening);
      vi – vi (you);
      vas – vas (you);
      vatara – vatra (fire);
      viva – živa (alive)
      Words relating to family relations that are identical:
      tata (dad),
      nana (granny),
      brat (brother),
      sestra (sister),
      strina (aunt),
      svekar (father in law),
      svekrva (mother in law),
      dever (brother in law),
      kum (god father), (could also be latin-derived)
      svastika (sister in law)
      prija (son in law’s mother)

  44. Olivera Says:

    The closest language to sanskrit is serbian language which belong to south Slavic group.scientifically studies are made and there is even dictionary.

    • sunil kumar p Says:

      miss olivera, excellent the words you given are connected to Sanskrit words itself .. hundreds of words are more which ,in India and Baltic country’s are using in daily life may be crossest but no body can trace it b coz of barriers of spoken languages…. as an Indian we can trace out easily only the words connected with English only b coz English is common in India . expecting more valuable replays from persons like you….

  45. Horst Says:

    Hi There, Is this the SUNIL KUMAR who is coming to NZ? Please contact us in NZ regarding transport pick up. With Kind Regards Transport Team NZ

  46. SHI Says:

    Sanskrit is a dead language in India, can’t really follow what the excitement is about its purported connections with Lithuanian or vice versa. If you’re a native Lithuanian speaker, you may take pride in your language without having to whip up similarities with an ancient dead language.

    By that extension, all Indo-European languages have similarities in terms of lexical orthography, phonemes and second-level derivatives. Even from a purely linguistics standpoint, you cannot really make a case for mutual intelligebility. In fact, would lke to see an article on connections between English and Hindi which are the only two languages I understand (not very proud though, I wish I were fluent in at least French, and one more Indian language) but seriously, beyond the primary root words, the similarities meet a dead end.

    Why would anyone want to be associated with Sanskrit, anyway? A dead language is like a dead horse. Saying that you are trying to learn Sanskrit in modern India would get you laughed out of university. Well, some may argue that the poems of Kalidasa and Bhagwad Gita sound better in Sanskrit but you can’t really recite verses from those poems today without someone punching you in the face for sounding like a know-it-all.

    Sanskrit really wasn’t very popular in ancient times as well. Only the ancient Brahmins who concocted the entire caste system, had essential scholarship on Sanskrit and the lower castes were explicitly forbidden from uttering Sanskrit words, on the pain of death. Thankfully, those barbaric times are long past us already. Now, anyone and everyone can learn Sanskrit and the overwhelming consensus is that just like other ancient dead languages such as Latin, it is better confined to the dustbins of history. Saying good-bye to the depravity and tyranny of our anti-human forbearers.

    BTW, I have traveled to Europe quite a few times, but not as far as the Baltics. Don’t really know what to expect, is Lithuania any similar to Poland culturally?

  47. sunilkumar p Says:

    Hi, even if Sanskrit is a dead language, (a language which is not using for communication by common people) but all of the Indian language is the offspring’s of Sanskrit. so all of Indians daily using and depending Sanskrit directly or indirectly..in a day nobody in India can speak without using Sanskrit or depending Sanskrit…. in that sense that great language still alive in India using by 1350000000 peoples

    anybody studying PIE Languages who should study Sanskrit bcoz vedic Sanskrit remaining as same as it was 4000 years back .. it was freezed . other European languages were changed like anything through the years.. so the students can see basic materials which should have in PIE in Sanskrit other than any IEL

    that may be why, mrs Axinia seeing in Sanskrit . as the linguists approved Lithuanian as the oldest living Language which is closest to the PIE , the Scholars around the world who studying about PIE they have study about Sanskrit also…


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