“English is such an easy language to learn, you will manage it in a short time!” – goes a common advice of those who have learned English.
Nothing doing! It may seem easy but only for beginners. English attracts with a seeming lack of complexity and simple forms: only 2 cases, two articles, simple sentences…
What a great delusion! Being one of the richest languages with about 1 Million words English has a complex structure when it comes to an advanced level.
The mastery of speaking English lays in saying 20 words in a sentence of 10. It does not mean you should say 3 words in a sentence. You should be able to say a lot saying little – actually the highest art of communication!
For the native speakers of Russian, German, French or others it is almost an impossible task. The secret lays in a syntactic structure of English.
That resembles a pyramid: the shorter the sentence the better! Linguists call English analytic language. Analytic languages have stricter and more elaborate syntactic rules.
Languages like German, Russian, Italian, French having quite a similar grammatical structure are called synthetic. Synthetic languages are longing for wide, solemn sentences with playful arrangements. Even a glance at any translation will give you an immediate idea of it: any Russian translation of an English text has got the double size! It resembles a pyramid upside down.
I remember the tough classes on Russian-English translation when we had to make a short sentence out of a long one. And it was possible!
One has to know some tricks and have a certain language sensitivity. I have not mastered it yet though…
There is obviously much more behind the mystery of the English language, but when you get this crucial point of its analytical structure you will enjoy the true beauty of English!